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Title: alpha 4 Integrins and sialyl Lewis x modulation in chronic Chagas disease: further evidence of persistent immune activation
Authors: Laucella, Susana A. 
Riarte, A 
Prado, Nilda Graciela 
Zapata, J 
Segura, E L 
Issue Date: May-2001
Journal: Scandinavian journal of immunology 
Abstract: We have previously shown that titers of soluble platelet selectin (s-P-selectin) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (s-VCAM-1) were increased in sera of patients with chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection. In this study, we analyzed the expression of CD49d-integrins, that bind to VCAM-1, and sialyl Lewis x (SLe(x)), which binds selectins, in peripheral blood lymphocytes of 27 patients with Chagas' disease at different levels of disease severity. Patients with a mild form of Chagas' disease showed a lower number of CD49d(+) cells, in comparison with those with severe chronic cardiopathy. Decreased levels of CD49d(+) cells were detected in CD3(-) cell populations. Conversely, SLe(x) expression was found to be decreased in patients with severe Chagas' disease. Levels of soluble platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (s-PECAM-1) were significantly increased in the plasma of patients with severe Chagas' disease while unaltered levels of MCP-1 were recorded. These data show that VCAM-1 and P-Selectin ligands are differentially expressed during the chronic phase of the Trypanosoma cruzi infection. These findings also reinforce a role of the P-selectin/SLe(x) adhesion pathway rather than very late antigen-4 (VLA-4)/VCAM-1, in the pathogenesis of Chagas' disease.
ISSN: 0300-9475
DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3083.2001.00916.x
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