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Title: Determination of Benznidazole in Human Dried Blood Spots by Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry to Monitor Adherence to Trypanosoma cruzi Infection Treatment in Infants and Children
Authors: Momper, Jeremiah D 
Hanan, Nathan J 
Rossi, Steven S 
Mirochnick, Mark H 
Cafferata, Maria Luisa 
Lavenia, Antonia 
Flores, Isolina 
Gibbons, Luz 
Ciganda, Alvaro 
Sosa-Estani, Sergio 
Capparelli, Edmund V 
Buekens, Pierre 
Issue Date: Jul-2019
Journal: The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 
Abstract: Medication adherence is critical to the effectiveness of benznidazole (BZ) therapy for the treatment of Chagas disease. Assessing BZ adherence using traditional plasma sampling methods presents numerous challenges in resource-limited settings. Dried blood spot (DBS) sampling of BZ can be used to overcome logistical barriers and provides a less invasive method for assessing BZ levels. A BZ DBS assay using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was developed and applied to a clinical study of infants and children being treated with BZ for Trypanosoma cruzi infection in Argentina. The assay was validated over a concentration range of 9.8-5,000 ng/mL. Inter-assay and intra-assay measures ranged from -2.9% to 2.7% and 0.5% to 8.3% for accuracy and from 3.5% to 12% and 1.6% to 13.6% for precision, respectively. The mean recovery of BZ was greater than 91%. Partitioning ratios for DBSs/plasma ranged from 0.95 to 1.02. A cohort of 10 infants and six children with T. cruzi infection being treated with BZ had median BZ concentrations of 1.2 (IQR 0.29, 2.14) µg/mL with seven of 65 (11%) samples above the BZ treatment goal of 3 μg/mL for adults. The reported DBS assay is a simple and accurate method for the quantitative measurement of BZ that can be applied to facilitate urgently needed clinical studies of BZ for the treatment of Chagas disease and assess BZ adherence in resource-limited settings.
DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.18-0852
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