Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://sgc.anlis.gob.ar/handle/123456789/2390
Title: Assessment of Environmental Hazards to Public Health in Temperate Urban Argentina
Authors: Vadell, María Victoria 
Salomone, Vanesa Natalia 
Castesana, Paula Soledad 
Morandeira, Natalia Soledad 
Rubio, Alejandra 
Cardo, María Victoria 
Keywords: Urban district;Contaminación del Aire;Riesgo a la Salud;Contaminación Costera
Issue Date: Jun-2021
Journal: EcoHealth 
Abstract: 
Human health risk in urban areas depends on multiple environmental features. We performed a year-round survey in a highly urbanized district located in temperate Argentina (General San Martín, Buenos Aires) to establish baseline information about environmental hazards associated with health risks. Sampling was stratified into low and high hazardous zones according to estimated indexes previously developed for the area for four hazards: drinking water and air pollution, and mosquito and rodent infestation. Water from wells showed lower concentrations of aluminum, manganese and iron, and higher values of arsenic than tap samples, with the latter showing records above the maximum permitted for arsenic, aluminum and chromium. Benzene concentration in air was higher in summer than in winter, and in areas close to dumps and landfills, gas stations, high traffic pathways and industries with respect to low hazard areas. Adult mosquito collections were more abundant in high hazardous areas, three species from the genus Culex dominated the captures and the proportion of individuals from each species was variable seasonally and spatially. Rodent activity was recorded inside and outside dwellings, and its observed values did not differ between low and high hazardous areas. In the comparison between field data and estimated hazard maps, high accuracy was obtained for air pollution maps, intermediate accuracy for water pollution and mosquito infestation, and poor accuracy for rodent infestation. How to improve field surveys and estimated maps are both discussed, highlighting the need for dynamic feedback between GIS-based models and environmental monitoring.
Description: 
Fil. Vadell, María Victoria. Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental, Universidad Nacional de San Martín (UNSAM), 25 de Mayo y Francia - Campus Miguelete (3iA), 1650, General San Martín, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.
ANLIS Dr.C.G.Malbrán. Instituto Nacional de Medicina Tropical; Argentina.

Fil. Salomone, Vanesa Natalia. Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental, Universidad Nacional de San Martín (UNSAM), 25 de Mayo y Francia - Campus Miguelete (3iA), 1650, General San Martín, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Fil. Castesana, Paula Soledad. Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental, Universidad Nacional de San Martín (UNSAM), 25 de Mayo y Francia - Campus Miguelete (3iA), 1650, General San Martín, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Gerencia Química, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, 1650, General San Martín, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Fil. Morandeira, Natalia Soledad. Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental, Universidad Nacional de San Martín (UNSAM), 25 de Mayo y Francia - Campus Miguelete (3iA), 1650, General San Martín, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Fil. Rubio, Alejandra. Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental, Universidad Nacional de San Martín (UNSAM), 25 de Mayo y Francia - Campus Miguelete (3iA), 1650, General San Martín, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Fil. Cardo, María Victoria. Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental, Universidad Nacional de San Martín (UNSAM), 25 de Mayo y Francia - Campus Miguelete (3iA), 1650, General San Martín, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
6Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.
URI: http://sgc.anlis.gob.ar/handle/123456789/2390
DOI: 10.1007/s10393-021-01535-x
Appears in Collections:Publicaciones INMeT

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