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|Title:||Cross-Protection against Challenge with Puumala Virus after Immunization with Nucleocapsid Proteins from Different Hantaviruses||Authors:||de Carvalho Nicacio, Cristina
Gonzalez Della Valle, Marcelo
|Keywords:||Virus Puumala;Hantavirus;Síndrome Pulmonar por Hantavirus||Issue Date:||2002||Description:||Hantaviruses are rodent-borne agents that cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome or hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in humans. The nucleocapsid protein (N) is relatively conserved among hantaviruses and highly immunogenic in both laboratory animals and humans, and it has been shown to induce efficient protective immunity in animal models. To investigate the ability of recombinant N (rN) from different hantaviruses to elicit cross-protection, we immunized bank voles with rN from Puumala (PUUV), Topografov (TOPV), Andes (ANDV), and Dobrava (DOBV) viruses and subsequently challenged them with PUUV. All animals immunized with PUUV and TOPV rN were completely protected. In the group immunized with DOBV rN, 7 of 10 animals were protected, while only 3 of 8 animals were protected in the group immunized with ANDV rN, which is more closely related to PUUV rN than DOBV rN. Humoral and cellular immune responses after rN immunization were also investigated. The highest cross-reactive humoral responses against PUUV antigen were detected in sera from ANDV rN-immunized animals, followed by those from TOPV rN-immunized animals, and only very low antibody cross-reactivity was observed in sera from DOBV rN-immunized animals. In proliferation assays, T lymphocytes from animals immunized with all heterologous rNs were as efficiently recalled in vitro by PUUV rN as were T lymphocytes from animals immunized with homologous protein. In summary, this study has shown that hantavirus N can elicit cross-protective immune responses against PUUV, and the results suggest a more important role for the cellular arm of the immune response than for the humoral arm in cross-protection elicited by rN.
Fil: de Carvalho Nicacio, Cristina. Karolinska Institutet. Microbiology and Tumorbiology Center; Suecia.
Fil: Gonzalez Della Valle, Marcelo. ANLIS Dr.C.G.Malbrán. Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas. Departamento de Virología. Servicio de Biología Molecular; Argentina.
Fil: Padula, Paula. ANLIS Dr.C.G.Malbrán. Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas. Departamento de Virología. Servicio de Biología Molecular; Argentina.
Fil: Björling, Ewa. Karolinska Institutet. Microbiology and Tumorbiology Center; Suecia.
Fil: Plyusnin, Alexander. University of Helsinki. Haartman Institute; Finlandia.
Fil: Lundkvist, Åke. Karolinska Institutet. Microbiology and Tumorbiology Center; Suecia.
|Appears in Collections:||Publicaciones INEI|
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|JournalofVirology,2002,76(13),6669-6677.pdf||2.42 MB||Adobe PDF|
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