Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://sgc.anlis.gob.ar/handle/123456789/284
Title: Neutralising antibodies for West Nile virus in horses from Brazilian Pantanal
Authors: Pauvolid-Corrêa, Alex 
Morales, María Alejandra 
Levis, Silvana 
Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo, Luis 
Couto-Lima, Dinair 
Campos, Zilca 
Furlan Nogueira, Marcia 
da Silva, Edson Elias 
Ribeiro Nogueira, Rita María 
Gonçalves Schatzmayr, Hermann 
Keywords: Virus del Nilo Occidental;Caimanes y Cocodrilos;Caballos;Brasil
Issue Date: 2011
Description: Despite evidence of West Nile virus (WNV) activity in Colombia, Venezuela and Argentina, this virus has not been reported in most South American countries. In February 2009, we commenced an investigation for WNV in mosquitoes, horses and caimans from the Pantanal, Central-West Brazil. The sera of 168 horses and 30 caimans were initially tested using a flaviviruses-specific epitope-blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (blocking ELISA) for the detection of flavivirus-reactive antibodies. The seropositive samples were further tested using a plaque-reduction neutralisation test (PRNT 90 ) for WNV and its most closely-related flaviviruses that circulate in Brazil to confirm the detection of specific virus-neutralising antibodies. Of the 93 (55.4%) blocking ELISA-seropositive horse serum samples, five (3%) were seropositive for WNV, nine (5.4%) were seropositive for St. Louis encephalitis virus, 18 (10.7%) were seropositive for Ilheus virus, three (1.8%) were seropositive for Cacipacore virus and none were seropositive for Rocio virus using PRNT 90 , with a criteria of ≥four-fold antibody titre difference. All caimans were negative for flaviviruses-specific antibodies using the blocking ELISA. No virus genome was detected from caiman blood or mosquito samples. The present study is the first report of confirmed serological evidence of WNV activity in Brazil.
Fil: Pauvolid-Corrêa, Alex. Laboratório de Flavivírus; Brasil.
Fil: Morales, María Alejandra. ANLIS Dr.C.G.Malbrán. Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas Dr. Julio Maiztegui. Laboratório de Arbovirus; Argentina.
Fil: Levis, Silvana. ANLIS Dr.C.G.Malbrán. Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas Dr. Julio Maiztegui. Laboratório de Arbovirus; Argentina.
Fil: Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo, Luis. Universidade de São Paulo. Centro de Pesquisa em Virologia; Brasil.
Fil: Couto-Lima, Dinair. Laboratório de Flavivírus; Brasil.
Fil: Campos, Zilca. Ministério da Agricultura Pecuária e Abastecimento; Brasil.
Fil: Furlan Nogueira, Marcia. Ministério da Agricultura Pecuária e Abastecimento; Brasil.
Fil: da Silva, Edson Elias. Ministério da Saúde. Laboratório de Enterovírus; Brasil.
Fil: Ribeiro Nogueira, Rita María. Laboratório de Flavivírus; Brasil.
Fil: Gonçalves Schatzmayr, Hermann. Laboratório de Flavivírus; Brasil.
URI: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/mioc/v106n4/14.pdf
http://sgc.anlis.gob.ar/handle/123456789/284
ISSN: 0074-0276
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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